wear in Jeddah

What to Wear in Jeddah

cultural adaptation Destinations Expat Life Islam key facts Moving Abroad Saudi Arabia

Everybody knows Saudi Arabia is a very conservative country and we have all seen pictures of Saudi women, clothed from head in toes in black, their eyes the only visible part of their body. Jeddah is supposedly a ‘liberal’ city compared to the capital Riyadh, but I would take this with a major pinch of salt. Men and women, Muslims and non Muslims still need to adopt a conservative style while in the Kingdom. Nobody expects foreigners to dress like locals, still most expats in Saudi Arabia tend to ‘blend in’ clothe-wise. While officers of the Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice (known as the Hai’a) are much less intrusive in Jeddah than in Riyadh, it is still best to err on the side on conservatism.

Before we start here is a quick glossary, so you know what we are talking about throughout this article. A big thank you to Nancy Abaya for providing pictures of ladies’ outfits. Nancy Abaya is a well known shop in Jeddah so you can shop there (you can shop online too, they ship worldwide) without any worry, you’ll be spot on!

This is what men wear in Jeddah. I also recommend you check out this very interesting article on the traditional clothes of men in Saudi Arabia.

what to wear in Jeddah
Traditional headgear worn by men in Saudi Arabia.
what to wear in Jeddah
Saudi men of all ages typically wear a white thobe and a head cloth (red or white) to protect them for the scorching sun of Jeddah.


This is what women typically wear in Jeddah: A long black abaya (a loose over-dress), a hijab (head scarf) or shayla (a long gausy kind of headscarf) and a niqab (face veil) which is optional, even for Muslim women.

what to wear in Jeddah
Most Saudi women wear a black abaya, a headscarf and a face veil.
wear in Jeddah
A niqab is a face veil. Only the eyes are visible. Most Muslim Saudi women wear the niqab.
wear in Jeddah
The shayla is a kind of head scarf worn by ladies in Saudi Arabia. It is made of a soft, gausy, flowy material and very popular in Jeddah.
wear in Jeddah
The abaya is a long dress worn over your clothes. It is typically loose fitting and is meant to cover up women’s body shape. While black is the most popular color, the abaya comes in many different colors and shapes too.


Now that you know what people wear in Jeddah, here are some tips on what YOU can wear in Jeddah:

Before you travel

You may need to shop before you arrive in Jeddah. If this is your first trip to Saudi Arabia, you will need to make sure you have some clothes that will be suitable to wear as soon as you leave the plane. You can always stock up once you’re settled but everyone is expected to dress appropriately as soon as they land in Jeddah. Ladies: make sure you buy a black abaya and keep it, along with a headscarf (any color) in your hand luggage. Before the plane lands, you will need to put on the abaya. Non Muslims are not expected to cover their heads but it’s best to have a headscarf at the ready anyway. Men are expected to wear clothes covering their shoulders and going down below the knees.

Dress code for women

If you plan to come to Jeddah (for work or to live here) you probably already know that women have to adopt a more Islamic style of clothes but don’t believe everything you read though. What applies to Riyadh doesn’t always apply to Jeddah. What applies to big cities doesn’t always apply in smaller towns, especially in the north of Saudi Arabia.

In Jeddah, all women are expected to wear a black abaya when they go out. Colors are not forbidden but you’ll soon catch up on the color scheme out there: black, dark grey, maybe dark blue… nothing flashy, nothing that stands out basically. Black abayas can be covered with patterns or have sparkly details (see examples below). Non Muslim women sometimes just slip on the abaya, without closing it properly all the way and that seems to be OK. With regards to head covering, non Muslims are not obligated to wear the hijab, and definitely not the niqab. Muslim women should wear a hijab and the niqab is optional. In terms of colors, anything goes with the headscarf (hijab) and you’ll see all sorts of colors out there, so feel free to splash some colors if you like.

wear in Jeddah
A black abaya with some colorful patterns is totally OK in Jeddah.
wear in Jeddah
You will also spot some taupe colored abaya every now and then. You need to draw the line at flashy colors though.

Dress code for men

OK so men have it quite easy really. They can wear whatever they want as long as it doesn’t show too much flesh. Men should be careful to cover their shoulders, and wear long shorts/trousers that go below the knees. Apart from that, men can choose between Western style or Saudi style. If you wonder why some western expats are wearing the traditional white thobe and covering their heads with a piece of cloth instead of their blue jeans and shirt, wonder no more. It is HOT in Jeddah! When you live in a very hot country like Saudi Arabia, the thobe is probably the most comfortable outfit there is. Try it out one day and you’ll see.

Dress code for children

Young children (under the age of 10) are usually free to wear whatever they like. You will see children, boys and girls, at the mall dressed in all kinds of fashion but like in all big cities, people tend to dress up rather than down when going out. Little girls in particular, are quite often seen with “princess” outfits or dresses that would probably seem “too much” somewhere else.

Inside expat compounds

It is common knowledge among expats than the rules inside compounds are different and way more relaxed than in the outside world. If you choose to live in an expat compound, you’ll soon understand where the boundaries are. However, it is important to remember that despite the very Western feel of the compound, you are still in Saudi Arabia and while you can certainly do without the abaya and hijab, you may want to avoid sexy clothing or anything that reveals too much skin.

Don’t forget that you came to Saudi Arabia under the sponsorship of someone (person or business) who is Saudi and any unseeming behavior on your part reflects on them. Saudis are a very proud people and they would not take lightly that someone they are responsible for (who is under their sponsorship) behave in what they an deem inappropriate manner (and I’m not just talking about clothes). If your sponsor is your employer, in the worst case scenario, you could lose your job and consequently, your visa or residence permit would be taken away. Just be mindful of your surroundings, and if you’re unsure, ask another expat in your compound.

Expats or not, once you step out of compounds, you are expected to be fully dressed according to the Islamic code we discussed above.

What to wear at work

If you don’t have to wear a uniform, keep your attire smart, clean and neat at all times. Saudi people take great pride in how they dress and they would tend to trust someone who is equally well dressed while they may look down on someone whose clothes look sloppy. You don’t have to wear designer clothes if you can’t afford them, just make sure that whatever you wear looks new and spotless clean.

what to wear in Jeddah
Even barefoot in the desert, Saudi men still wear spotless ironed white thobes.

Dress to chill

To fight the heat and the humidity, stick to cotton. Any other fabric will be very uncomfortable and may even cause some serious rashes on your skin. Having said that, any place indoors will be fully air-conditioned so if you know you’ll be staying inside you can wear anything you want.

Dress to impress

If you ever get invited to someone’s home, you will need to make a real effort. While it may appear to outsiders that Saudi fashion is nonexistent, you’d be surprised to realise that Saudis actually love clothes. Both men and ladies love to shop for clothes, follow fashion from the Gulf and the West, go nuts for designer brands and even high fashion from Paris and New York. So don’t make a fool of yourself, dress to impress: look sharp, don’t be afraid to use vibrant colors, sparkles, high heels, jewelry… you name it. The norm around here is elegance. Women wear very feminine and classy outfits in private, and men also like to dress up.


As a general rule, men and women should dress conservatively while outside and follow the examples of others inside expat compounds. Finally, don’t feel like you have to dress like a Saudi to fit in. The city of Jeddah counts more expats than locals according to a recent survey so Jeddawis are totally used to be around foreigners. Just show respect for the traditions and culture of the city and you’ll be fine.

If you have any question, just leave a comment below or contact me by email anytime.

18 thoughts on “What to Wear in Jeddah

  1. Hello there as I said in the article I was portraying what applies to Jeddah and I have no genuine information of Tabuk. Still I may state that for your situation you may (1) stick to moderate garments as this would work anyplace in Saudi Arabia and (2) as a specialist you will presumably be solicited to wear some sort from uniform or possibly some sort of sterile jacket perhaps over your garments so simply pursue what the various specialists do. For whatever length of time that you dress professionally you don\’t need to stress over it you\’ll be fine inshallah.

    1. Hi as I said in the article I was describing what applies to Jeddah and I have no real knowledge of Tabuk. Still I may say that in your case you may (1) stick to conservative clothes as this would work anywhere in Saudi Arabia and (2) as a doctor you will probably be asked to wear some kind of uniform or at least some kind of lab coat maybe over your clothes so just follow what all the other doctors do. As long as you dress professionally you don\’t have to worry about it you\’ll be fine inshallah.

    2. Tabuk is more conservative than Jeddah and Riyadh. Still you can wear western dress beneath abaya when going out. In your work place, you will definitely wear doctors white coat. So no worry what you have beneath white coat. You can put on trouser or loose dress pants.

    1. Hi Dee, I\’m not really sure what you mean by catalog as this is a personal blog not a business websites. You can try googling it though and you\’ll find loads of abaya and clothes shops online. Hope you find what you\’re looking for.

    1. That\’s right. Wear an abaya during the trip between your house and your host\’s then inside it should be ok to remove it. The lady of the house would normally clue you in anyway. Don\’t forget to stay \’conservative\’. Unless you know the people very well, avoid showing too much flesh, especially the first time. After that you\’ll have a better idea of the \’limits\’.

    1. Yes it is strange but Jeddah is not the only city in KSA with more expats than locals. As for housing, it is not compulsory for expats to live in compounds, however it is usually the first choice as many employers will pay for a compound housing (along with bills and all) while you would only get a small housing allowance to live elsewhere. There are, let\’s face it, many advantages to live in a compound so many expats don\’t really bother looking elsewhere.

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